46 Men Dead Royal Irish Constabulary in County Tipperary 1919-22
In January 1919 at Soloheadbeag in Co.Tipperary, two members of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) were killed by the IRA. In the four bloody years that followed, nearly five hundred RIC men were killed and hundreds more wounded. In Tipperary alone 46 policemen were killed, giving us the title ’46 Men Dead’ and making it one of the most violent counties in Ireland.
The popular image of the RIC is that they were the ‘eyes and ears of Dublin Castle’, an oppressive colonial force policing its fellow countrymen. But the truth lies closer to home:many were Irishmen who joined because it was a secure job with prospects and a pension at the end of service. When confronted with a volunteer army of young and dedicated guerrilla fighters, it was unable to cope.
When the conflict ended , the RIC was disbanded, not at the insistence of the Provisional Government, but of its own membeers. 46 Men Dead is a thought provoking look at the grim reality of the conflict in Tipperary, a microcosm of the wider battle that was the War of Independence.
John Reynolds is a serving Garda Sergeant based at the Garda College in Templemore. He founded the Garda College Museum in 2002 and holds a PhD in history.